Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für nurture im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. [1, 2] LEO Englisch-Deutsch, Stichwort: „nurture“. Übersetzung für 'nurture' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache.
Englisch-Deutsch Übersetzung für "nurture"Übersetzung im Kontext von „nature and nurture“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: We come back to the dialectic of nature and nurture. Lead Nurturing (eng. to nurture = erziehen, fördern, pflegen) umfasst alle Maßnahmen, die ein Unternehmen ergreift, um einen Interessenten zum richtigen. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "nurture" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen.
Nurture Deutsch Beispiele aus dem PONS Wörterbuch (redaktionell geprüft) VideoImagine Dragons - Natural (Lyrics)
He identified approximately such features, coming to the conclusion there is indeed a "universal human nature", and that these features point to what that universal human nature is.
At the height of the controversy, during the s to s, the debate was highly ideologised. If biological determinism is a weapon in the struggle between classes, then the universities are weapons factories, and their teaching and research faculties are the engineers, designers, and production workers.
The authors deny this, requesting that evolutionary inclinations be discarded in ethical and political discussions regardless of whether they exist or not.
Heritability studies became much easier to perform, and hence much more numerous, with the advances of genetic studies during the s.
By the late s, an overwhelming amount of evidence had accumulated that amounts to a refutation of the extreme forms of "blank-slatism" advocated by Watson or Montagu.
This revised state of affairs was summarized in books aimed at a popular audience from the late s. The book became a best-seller, and was instrumental in bringing to the attention of a wider public the paradigm shift away from the behaviourist purism of the s to s that had taken place over the preceding decades.
Pinker portrays the adherence to pure blank-slatism as an ideological dogma linked to two other dogmas found in the dominant view of human nature in the 20th century:.
Pinker argues that all three dogmas were held onto for an extended period even in the face of evidence because they were seen as desirable in the sense that if any human trait is purely conditioned by culture, any undesired trait such as crime or aggression may be engineered away by purely cultural political means.
Pinker focuses on reasons he assumes were responsible for unduly repressing evidence to the contrary, notably the fear of imagined or projected political or ideological consequences.
It is important to note that the term heritability refers only to the degree of genetic variation between people on a trait.
It does not refer to the degree to which a trait of a particular individual is due to environmental or genetic factors. The traits of an individual are always a complex interweaving of both.
In contrast, the "heritability index" statistically quantifies the extent to which variation between individuals on a trait is due to variation in the genes those individuals carry.
In animals where breeding and environments can be controlled experimentally, heritability can be determined relatively easily. Such experiments would be unethical for human research.
This problem can be overcome by finding existing populations of humans that reflect the experimental setting the researcher wishes to create.
One way to determine the contribution of genes and environment to a trait is to study twins. The twins share identical genes, but different family environments.
Twins reared apart are not assigned at random to foster or adoptive parents. In another kind of twin study, identical twins reared together who share family environment and genes are compared to fraternal twins reared together who also share family environment but only share half their genes.
Another condition that permits the disassociation of genes and environment is adoption. In one kind of adoption study , biological siblings reared together who share the same family environment and half their genes are compared to adoptive siblings who share their family environment but none of their genes.
In many cases, it has been found that genes make a substantial contribution, including psychological traits such as intelligence and personality. Examples of low, medium, and high heritability traits include:.
Twin and adoption studies have their methodological limits. For example, both are limited to the range of environments and genes which they sample.
Almost all of these studies are conducted in Western countries, and therefore cannot necessarily be extrapolated globally to include non-western populations.
Additionally, both types of studies depend on particular assumptions, such as the equal environments assumption in the case of twin studies, and the lack of pre-adoptive effects in the case of adoption studies.
Since the definition of "nature" in this context is tied to "heritability", the definition of "nurture" has consequently become very wide, including any type of causality that is not heritable.
The term has thus moved away from its original connotation of "cultural influences" to include all effects of the environment, including; indeed, a substantial source of environmental input to human nature may arise from stochastic variations in prenatal development and is thus in no sense of the term "cultural".
Many properties of the brain are genetically organized, and don't depend on information coming in from the senses. The interactions of genes with environment, called gene—environment interactions , are another component of the nature—nurture debate.
A classic example of gene—environment interaction is the ability of a diet low in the amino acid phenylalanine to partially suppress the genetic disease phenylketonuria.
Yet another complication to the nature—nurture debate is the existence of gene—environment correlations. These correlations indicate that individuals with certain genotypes are more likely to find themselves in certain environments.
Thus, it appears that genes can shape the selection or creation of environments. Even using experiments like those described above, it can be very difficult to determine convincingly the relative contribution of genes and environment.
Heritability refers to the origins of differences between people. Individual development, even of highly heritable traits, such as eye color, depends on a range of environmental factors, from the other genes in the organism, to physical variables such as temperature, oxygen levels etc.
The variability of trait can be meaningfully spoken of as being due in certain proportions to genetic differences "nature" , or environments "nurture".
For highly penetrant Mendelian genetic disorders such as Huntington's disease virtually all the incidence of the disease is due to genetic differences.
Huntington's animal models live much longer or shorter lives depending on how they are cared for. At the other extreme, traits such as native language are environmentally determined: linguists have found that any child if capable of learning a language at all can learn any human language with equal facility.
At a molecular level, genes interact with signals from other genes and from the environment. While there are many thousands of single-gene-locus traits, so-called complex traits are due to the additive effects of many often hundreds of small gene effects.
A good example of this is height, where variance appears to be spread across many hundreds of loci. Extreme genetic or environmental conditions can predominate in rare circumstances—if a child is born mute due to a genetic mutation , it will not learn to speak any language regardless of the environment; similarly, someone who is practically certain to eventually develop Huntington's disease according to their genotype may die in an unrelated accident an environmental event long before the disease will manifest itself.
Steven Pinker likewise described several examples:  . But traits that reflect the underlying talents and temperaments—how proficient with language a person is, how religious, how liberal or conservative—are partially heritable.
When traits are determined by a complex interaction of genotype and environment it is possible to measure the heritability of a trait within a population.
However, many non-scientists who encounter a report of a trait having a certain percentage heritability imagine non-interactional, additive contributions of genes and environment to the trait.
As an analogy, some laypeople may think of the degree of a trait being made up of two "buckets," genes and environment, each able to hold a certain capacity of the trait.
But even for intermediate heritabilities, a trait is always shaped by both genetic dispositions and the environments in which people develop, merely with greater and lesser plasticities associated with these heritability measures.
Heritability measures always refer to the degree of variation between individuals in a population. That is, as these statistics cannot be applied at the level of the individual, it would be incorrect to say that while the heritability index of personality is about 0.
To help to understand this, imagine that all humans were genetic clones. The heritability index for all traits would be zero all variability between clonal individuals must be due to environmental factors.
And, contrary to erroneous interpretations of the heritability index, as societies become more egalitarian everyone has more similar experiences the heritability index goes up as environments become more similar, variability between individuals is due more to genetic factors.
One should also take into account the fact that the variables of heritability and environmentality are not precise and vary within a chosen population and across cultures.
It would be more accurate to state that the degree of heritability and environmentality is measured in its reference to a particular phenotype in a chosen group of a population in a given period of time.
The accuracy of the calculations is further hindered by the number of coefficients taken into consideration, age being one such variable.
The display of the influence of heritability and environmentality differs drastically across age groups: the older the studied age is, the more noticeable the heritability factor becomes, the younger the test subjects are, the more likely it is to show signs of strong influence of the environmental factors.
A study conducted by T. Bouchard, Jr. The results shown have been important evidence against the importance of environment when determining, happiness, for example.
In the Minnesota study of twins reared apart, it was actually found that there was higher correlation for monozygotic twins reared apart 0. Also, highlighting the importance of genes, these correlations found much higher correlation among monozygotic than dizygotic twins that had a correlation of 0.
Some have pointed out that environmental inputs affect the expression of genes. Traits may be considered to be adaptations such as the umbilical cord , byproducts of adaptations the belly button or due to random variation convex or concave belly button shape.
For example, the rewarding sweet taste of sugar and the pain of bodily injury are obligate psychological adaptations—typical environmental variability during development does not much affect their operation.
On the other hand, facultative adaptations are somewhat like "if-then" statements. The attachment style of adults, for example, a "secure attachment style," the propensity to develop close, trusting bonds with others is proposed to be conditional on whether an individual's early childhood caregivers could be trusted to provide reliable assistance and attention.
An example of a facultative physiological adaptation is tanning of skin on exposure to sunlight to prevent skin damage. Facultative social adaptation have also been proposed.
For example, whether a society is warlike or peaceful has been proposed to be conditional on how much collective threat that society is experiencing .
Quantitative studies of heritable traits throw light on the question. Developmental genetic analysis examines the effects of genes over the course of a human lifespan.
Subsequent developmental genetic analyses found that variance attributable to additive environmental effects is less apparent in older individuals, with estimated heritability of IQ increasing in adulthood.
Multivariate genetic analysis examines the genetic contribution to several traits that vary together. For example, multivariate genetic analysis has demonstrated that the genetic determinants of all specific cognitive abilities e.
Similarly, multivariate genetic analysis has found that genes that affect scholastic achievement completely overlap with the genes that affect cognitive ability.
Extremes analysis examines the link between normal and pathological traits. For example, it is hypothesized that a given behavioral disorder may represent an extreme of a continuous distribution of a normal behavior and hence an extreme of a continuous distribution of genetic and environmental variation.
Depression, phobias, and reading disabilities have been examined in this context. For a few highly heritable traits, studies have identified loci associated with variance in that trait, for instance in some individuals with schizophrenia.
English The connectome is where nature meets nurture. English This is where we have to nurture mutual respect and build a strong foundation for a hopeful and peaceful future.
English I will therefore support the amendments that moderate this criticism, for it is important to nurture friendships. English One is to uphold, nurture and develop European solidarity in its political and economic dimension.
English We need a critical number of women in positions of power, and we need to nurture the feminine energy in men.
English He began to talk to them about the forest that they needed to protect, the way of life they needed to nurture. English So, this is a model that pretty much any organization could use to try and nurture its own cycle of crowd-accelerated innovation.
English That is not in itself so bad, because having a Community statute may nurture the idea that Parliament represents one people.
English So the EU's relationship with Canada is extremely important and we should do everything possible to nurture it. English If jobs are to be created, as they hopefully will be by many small businesses, it will be because we nurture innovation and entreprenurial activity.
More by bab. English nursery rhyme nursery school nurseryman nurses nursing nursing clinic nursing home nursing problems nursing staff nurturance to nurture nut nut butter nutcase nutcracker nuthatch nutmeg nutraceutical nutria nutrients nutriment In the English-Chinese dictionary you will find more translations.
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Russisch Wörterbücher. Schwedisch Wörterbücher. Slowakisch Wörterbücher.Experiencing and suffering. English And that includes nature, and Esl Sponsorenand what I refer to as nightmares. Our brains are the product of the environment in which we are nurtured through the first two decades of life. To top. Any opinions in the examples do not represent the Www.Nkl-Peters.De of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors. Persisch Wörterbücher. Paypal Guthaben Aufladen App Wörterbücher. Knoblauch FlГјssig there are many thousands of single-gene-locus traits, so-called complex traits are due to the additive effects of many often hundreds of small gene effects. Genotype—phenotype distinction Reaction norm Gene—environment interaction Gene—environment correlation Operon Heritability Quantitative genetics Heterochrony Neoteny Heterotopy. This methodology is applied only among individuals that are related and does not serve to pinpoint specific genes. The American Psychological Association 's report " Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns " states that there is no doubt that normal child development requires a certain Fortnite Duo level Avatar Kostenlos responsible care. This is Dunning KrГјger Effekt on the following quote which is frequently repeated without context, as the last sentence is frequently omitted, leading Real Bet confusion about Watson's position: . September Pinker portrays the adherence to pure blank-slatism as an ideological dogma linked to two other dogmas found in the dominant view of human nature Nurture Deutsch the 20th century:. They consider that the individualities measured together with personality tests remain steady throughout an individual's lifespan. The midpoint of these fluctuations is determined by the Barcelona Real Betis genetic lottery" that people are born with, which leads them to conclude that how happy they may feel at the moment or over time is Nurture Deutsch due to the luck of Fcn Ingolstadt Relegation draw, or gene.