Kathmandu, Stadt der Götter; Chitwan National Park; Pokhara am Lake Phewa; Thimphu, Bhutans Hauptstadt; Taktshang, das Tigernest. Karte öffnen. Kathmandu. Nepals Hauptstadt musst Du auf jeden Fall gesehen haben! Die Stadt hat eine einzigartige Atmosphäre und unterscheidet sich maßgeblich. In Nepals Hauptstadt Kathmandu liegen die durchschnittlichen Tagestemperaturen im Januar bei 10°C, im Juli bei 24°C. Bevölkerung in Nepal. Nepal ist durch.
Nepal-Reisen – atemberaubende BergweltenDie Hauptstadt Kathmandu. Kathmandu ist die quirlige Hauptstadt Nepals, welche in eine wunderschöne Berglandschaft eingebettet ist. Wenn Sie die Stadt. Die Stadt mit knapp 1 Million Einwohnern liegt auf einer Höhe von Metern, umgeben von den Gipfeln des Himalaya-Massivs am Eingang des. Kathmandu. Nepals Hauptstadt musst Du auf jeden Fall gesehen haben! Die Stadt hat eine einzigartige Atmosphäre und unterscheidet sich maßgeblich.
Nepal Hauptstadt Blick über Kathmandu Video\
Dieser Ensembletyp, der auch in Indien in der zeremoniellen Musik vorkommt, war ursprünglich ein Militärorchester um das Kesseltrommelpaar naqqara und gelangte mit den islamischen Eroberungen im Mittelalter aus dem arabisch-persischen Raum nach Südasien.
In dieser Eigenschaft sind sie seit Ende des Jahrhunderts schriftlich belegt. Sie singen heroische Lieder karkha , preisen Könige und Götter und unterhalten mit Liedern über Alltagsbegebenheiten.
In Volksliedern lok git sorgt die zweifellige Zylindertrommel madal namensverwandt mit der maddale für den Rhythmus.
Die alte Gaine-Zupflaute arbajo ist nur noch selten zu hören. Die in den Bergen Zentralnepals lebenden Gurung unterscheiden bei ihrer traditionellen Musik die zahlreichere Gruppe der fröhlichen Lieder sabahim von den traurigen Liedern Musik für die Toten, bibhim.
Der Chorgesang von Männern und Jugendlichen wird von der Trommel madal begleitet. Für Hochzeit laden die Gurung ein panche baja -Ensemble der Damai ein.
Zu den älteren Genres der Gurung-Musik gehören die Tanzstile ghantu und sorathi , die einen schamanischen Kern haben. Mädchen tanzen traditionell den Ritualtanz ghantu ghamtu bei einem religiösen Jahresfest zur Freude der Götter, wobei sie während des Tanzes von den angerufenen Geistwesen besessen werden und auch manche Zuschauer in einen Zustand der Trance geraten, weil sie die die Anwesenheit der Götter spüren.
Dazu singt — von madal begleitet — ein Männerchor, der die Szenen umfassende mythische Geschichte von König Parashuram und seiner Gemahlin Ambarawati vorträgt.
Touristisch abgewandelte Versionen des ghantu -Tanzes werden heute bei Kulturveranstaltungen aufgeführt.
Er hat sich von einem ursprünglichen Ritual zu einem in ganz Nepal bekannten Volkstanz entwickelt.
Dazu werden Zylindertrommeln und das Beckenpaar jhyali geschlagen. Schamanen tragen einen heiligen Text vor, um die Geister von der Seele des Toten fernzuhalten.
Bei einem weiteren, tibetisch-buddhistischen Ritual, mit dem der Seele eine glückliche Rückkehr gesichert werden soll, setzt ein Lama tibetische Instrumente ein: das Paarbecken rol-mo , die Stielhandglocke drilbu , die Klappertrommel tindar damaru und die Knochentrompete kangling.
Die Rituale von nepalischen Heilern und Schamanen Nepali jhankri finden in mehreren Monaten an jeweils anderen Schreinen statt, die bevorzugt Mahadeva Beiname des Gottes Shiva gewidmet sind.
Sie werden meistens von einer Rahmentrommel begleitet. Wesentlich seltener ist eine kleinere einfellige Rahmentrommel regional nah, rnga, re oder ring , die etwa bei den Gurung von magischen Heilern pucu geschlagen wird.
In den er Jahren spielten beide als professionelle Musiker Jazz in Kathmandu, bevor Louis Banks nach Kalkutta zurückkehrte und dort eine eigene Band gründete.
Seit findet in Kathmandu jedes Jahr das Jazzfestival Jazzmandu statt, bei dem internationale Gruppen das in Nepal wenig bekannte Genre mit nepalischen Volksmusiktraditionen verbinden wollen.
Dies ist die gesichtete Version , die am November markiert wurde. Es gibt 1 ausstehende Änderung , die noch gesichtet werden muss.
Dieser Artikel behandelt den Staat. Siehe auch : Liste der Berge und Erhebungen in Nepal. Siehe auch : Liste der Städte in Nepal.
Siehe auch : Liste der Könige von Nepal. Kantipur, Juli , abgerufen am Juli englisch. In: Hindustan Times. Mai , abgerufen am Mai englisch. Laenderdaten, abgerufen am 1.
Februar Human Development Index Trends, In: hdr. Abgerufen am 5. Juni Dhakal: Die-back of Sissoo. In: fao. Abgerufen am Dezember The Kathmandu Post, Europa und Asien.
Kathmandu , hier nach nepalmed. PDF 5. Dezember , abgerufen am Juli Westview Press Boulder, Colorado, , S. National Geographic Magazine, p.
Douglas lists the following figures: "Nepalis killed by Maoists from to 4, Nepalis killed by government in same period: 8, Der Stadtteil Thamel hat sich über Jahre hinweg zum absoluten Touristenzentrum in Kathmandu entwickelt.
Der Garden of Dreams erfüllt genau das, was sein Name verspricht. Der traumhafte botanische Garten lädt wahrlich zum Verweilen und Träumen ein. Darüber befindet sich eine vergoldete Spitze.
Der Stupa symbolisiert den Buddha und seinen Weg zur Erleuchtung. Er gehört zu den Wahrzeichen Kathmandus mit seinen insgesamt sieben Weltkulturerbestätten.
Doch jetzt ist der Hügel abgesperrt. Staub aus den Trümmerhaufen legt sich auf die Haut der Besucher. Unser Tipp für Deine Reise nach Nepal. Bist Du auf der Suche nach einem erstklassigen Reiseveranstalter für Nepal?
Klingt spannend? Schau vorbei:. Nepal Reisen. Kathmandu, die Hauptstadt Nepals, hat gerade einmal rund 1 Million Einwohner und liegt auf 1.
Ihr Alleinstellungsmerkmal: Sie ist die dreckigste Stadt Asiens. Das klingt nicht gerade einladend und wir müssen auch ehrlich zugeben, dass es etwas gedauert hat bis wir den ersten Kulturschock verdaut hatten.
Denn diese Stadt ist einzigartig und fesselnd. Dank ihrer zahlreichen Rooftop-Restaurants bietet sie Dir auch jederzeit die Möglichkeit nochmal zur Ruhe zu kommen, bevor Du wieder eintauchst in diese neue, fremde und faszinierende Welt der Gassen Kathmandus.
Der Durbar Square ist das kulturelle Aushängeschild der Stadt. Auf ihm steht der königliche Palast sowie unzählige Pagoden und Tempel.
Hier findest Du unzählige Geschäfte, Shops und Hotels. Nepal appears in ancient Indian literary texts dated as far back as the fourth century BC.
However, an absolute chronology can not be established, as even the oldest texts may contain anonymous contributions dating as late as the early modern period.
Academic attempts to provide a plausible theory are hindered by the lack of a complete picture of history, and insufficient understanding of linguistics or relevant Indo-European and Tibeto-Burman languages.
He considered Ne Muni to be a fabrication. By 55, years ago, the first modern humans had arrived on the Indian subcontinent from Africa, where they had earlier evolved.
After BCE, evidence for domestication of food crops and animals, construction of permanent structures, and storage of agricultural surplus appeared in Mehrgarh and other sites in what is now Balochistan.
It is possible that the Dravidian people whose history predates the onset of the Bronze Age in the Indian subcontinent around BCE inhabited the area before the arrival of other ethnic groups like the Tibeto-Burmans and Indo-Aryans from across the border.
According to Hogdson , the earliest inhabitants of Nepal were perhaps the Kusunda people, probably of proto-Australoid origin.
In the south-eastern region, Janakpurdham was the capital of the prosperous kingdom of Videha or Mithila, that extended down to the Ganges, and home to King Janaka and his daughter, Sita.
Around BCE, small kingdoms and confederations of clans arose in the southern regions of Nepal. From one of these, the Shakya polity, arose a prince who later renounced his status to lead an ascetic life, founded Buddhism , and came to be known as Gautama Buddha traditionally dated — BCE.
Emperor Ashoka made a pilgrimage to Lumbini and erected a pillar at Buddha's birthplace, the inscriptions on which mark the starting point for properly recorded history of Nepal.
In the Kathmandu valley, the Kiratas were pushed eastward by the Lichchhavis , and the Lichchhavi dynasty came into power c. The Lichchhavis built monuments and left a series of inscriptions; Nepal's history of the period is pieced together almost entirely from them.
Parts of Nepal and Licchavi was later under the direct influences of the Tibetan empire. The Licchavi dynasty went into decline in the late 8th century, and was followed by a Thakuri rule.
Thakuri kings ruled over the country up to the middle of the 11th century CE; not much is known of this period that is often called the dark period.
In the 11th century, a powerful empire of Khas people emerged in western Nepal whose territory at its highest peak included much of western Nepal as well as parts of western Tibet and Uttarakhand of India.
By the 14th century, the empire had splintered into loosely associated Baise rajyas , literally 22 states as they were counted.
The rich culture and language of the Khas people spread throughout Nepal and as far as Indo-China in the intervening centuries; their language , later renamed Nepali language, became the lingua franca of Nepal as well as much of North-east India.
In south-eastern Nepal, Simraungarh annexed Mithila around CE, and the unified Tirhut stood as a powerful kingdom for more than years,  even ruling over Kathmandu for a time.
In the Kathmandu valley, the Mallas , who make several appearances in Nepalese history since ancient times, had established themselves in Kathmandu and Patan by middle of the 14th century.
The Mallas ruled the valley first under the suzerainty of Tirhut, but established independent reign by late 14th century as Tirhut went into decline.
In the late 14th century, Jayasthiti Malla introduced widespread socio-economic reforms, principal of which was the caste system.
By dividing the indigenous non-Aryan Buddhist population into castes modelled after the four Varna system of Hinduism, he provided an influential model for the Sanskritization and Hinduization of the indigenous non-Hindu tribal populations in all principalities throughout Nepal.
By the middle of the 15th century, Kathmandu had become a powerful empire which, according to Kirkpatrick , extended from Digarchi or Sigatse in Tibet to Tirhut and Gaya in India.
The competition for prestige among these brotherly kingdoms saw the flourishing of art and architecture in central Nepal, and the building of famous Kathmandu , Patan and Bhaktapur Durbar Squares ; their division and mistrust led to their fall in the late 18th century, and ultimately, unification of Nepal into a modern state.
Apart from one destructive sacking of Kathmandu in the early 13th century, Nepal remain largely untouched by the Muslim invasion of India that began in the 11th century.
However, the Mughal period saw an influx of high-caste Hindus from India into Nepal. They soon intermingled with the Khas people and by the 16th century, there were about 50 Rajput-ruled principalities in Nepal, including the 22 baisi states and, to their east in west-central Nepal, 24 Chaubisi states.
There emerged a view that Nepal remained the true bastion of unadulterated Hinduism at a time when Indian culture had been influenced by centuries of Mughal, followed by British rule.
Gorkha , one of the Baisi states, emerged as an influential and ambitious kingdom with a reputation for justice, after it codified the first Hinduism-based laws in the Nepalese hills.
In the midth century, Prithvi Narayan Shah , a Gorkha king, set out to put together what would become present-day Nepal.
He embarked on his mission by securing the neutrality of the bordering mountain kingdoms. After several bloody battles and sieges, notably the Battle of Kirtipur , he managed to conquer the Kathmandu Valley in The Gorkha control reached its height when the North Indian territories of the Kumaon and Garhwal Kingdoms in the west to Sikkim in the east came under Nepalese control.
A dispute with Tibet over the control of mountain passes and inner Tingri valleys of Tibet forced the Qing Emperor of China to start the Sino-Nepali War compelling the Nepali to retreat to their own borders in the north.
At first, the British underestimated the Nepali and were soundly defeated until committing more military resources than they had anticipated needing.
Thus began the reputation of Gurkhas as fierce and ruthless soldiers. The war ended in the Sugauli Treaty , under which Nepal ceded recently captured lands.
Factionalism inside the royal family led to a period of instability. In , a plot was discovered revealing that the reigning queen had planned to overthrow Jung Bahadur Kunwar, a fast-rising military leader.
This led to the Kot massacre ; armed clashes between military personnel and administrators loyal to the queen led to the execution of several hundred princes and chieftains around the country.
The king was made a titular figure, and the post of Prime Minister was made powerful and hereditary. The Ranas were staunchly pro-British and assisted them during the Indian Rebellion of and later in both World Wars.
In some parts of the western Terai region were gifted to Nepal by the British as a friendly gesture because of her military help to sustain British control in India during the rebellion known as Naya Muluk , new country.
In , the United Kingdom and Nepal formally signed an agreement of friendship that superseded the Sugauli Treaty of The Hindu practice of Sati , in which a widow sacrificed herself in the funeral pyre of her husband, was banned in , and slavery was officially abolished in In the late s, newly emerging pro-democracy movements and political parties in Nepal were critical of the Rana autocracy.
Following the success of Indian Independence Movement which Nepalese activists had taken part in, with India's support and cooperation of King Tribhuvan, Nepali Congress was successful in toppling the Rana regime, establishing a parliamentary democracy.
After a decade of power wrangling between the king and the government, King Mahendra ruled — scrapped the democratic experiment in , and a "partyless" Panchayat system was created to govern Nepal.
The political parties were banned and politicians imprisoned or exiled. The Panchayat rule modernised the country, introducing reforms and developing infrastructure, but curtailed liberties and imposed heavy censorship.
In , the People's Movement forced King Birendra ruled — to accept constitutional reforms and to establish a multiparty democracy. In , the Maoist Party started a violent bid to replace the royal parliamentary system with a people's republic.
The Maoist Party joined mainstream politics following the success of the peaceful democratic revolution of ;  Nepal became a secular state ,  and on 28 May , it was declared a republic,  ending its time-honoured status as the world's only Hindu Kingdom.
After a decade of instability and internal strife which saw two constituent assembly elections, the new constitution was promulgated on 20 September , making Nepal a federal democratic republic divided into seven provinces.
In the western region, rivers which were too strong to be hampered, cut some of the world's deepest gorges.
Nepal is divided into three principal physiographic belts known as Himal - Pahad - Terai. Pahad is the mountain region that does not generally contain snow.
The southern lowland plains or Terai bordering India are part of the northern rim of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. Terai is the lowland region containing some hill ranges.
The plains were formed and are fed by three major Himalayan rivers: the Koshi , the Narayani , and the Karnali as well as smaller rivers rising below the permanent snowline.
This region has subtropical to tropical climate. Erosion of the Himalayas is a very important source of sediment, which flows to the Indian Ocean.
Severe flooding and landslides cause deaths and disease, destroy farmlands and cripple the transport infrastructure of the country, during the monsoon season each year.
Nepal has five climatic zones, broadly corresponding to the altitudes. Nepal experiences five seasons: summer, monsoon , autumn, winter and spring.
The Himalayas block cold winds from Central Asia in the winter and form the northern limits of the monsoon wind patterns. Nepal contains a disproportionately large diversity of plants and animals, relative to its size.
Among the notable trees, are the astringent Azadirachta indica , or neem , which is widely used in traditional herbal medicine ,  and the luxuriant Ficus religiosa , or peepal ,  which is displayed on the ancient seals of Mohenjo-daro ,  and under which Gautam Buddha is recorded in the Pali canon to have sought enlightenment.
Most of the subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest of the lower himalayan region is descended from the tethyan tertiary flora.
Nepal contains IUCN -designated threatened species , 88 of them animal species, 18 plant species and one species of "fungi or protist" group.
In response, the system of national parks and protected areas , first established in with the enactment of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act ,  was substantially expanded.
Vulture restaurants  coupled with a ban on veterinary usage of diclofenac has seen a rise in the number of white-rumped vultures. Nepal is a parliamentary republic with a multi-party system.
In the s, a vibrant underground political movement rose in the capital, birthing Nepal Praja Parishad in ,  which was dissolved seven years later, following the execution of the four great martyrs.
Around the same time, Nepalis involved in the Indian Independence Movement started organizing into political parties, leading to the birth of Nepali Congress and Communist Party of Nepal.
After the joint civil resistance launched by the United Left Front and Nepali Congress overthrew the Panchayat in ,   the Front became CPN UML , adopted multi-party democracy, and in the brief period it was in government, introduced welfare programs that remain popular.
The transition period between and saw sustained protests from the newly formed ethnocentric nationalist movements, principal among them the Madhes Movement.
Nepal is governed according to the Constitution of Nepal. It defines Nepal as having multi-ethnic, multi-lingual, multi-religious, multi-cultural characteristics with common aspirations of people living in diverse geographical regions, and being committed to and united by a bond of allegiance to the national independence, territorial integrity, national interest, and prosperity of Nepal.
The Government of Nepal has three branches: . Nepal is a federal republic comprising 7 provinces.
Each province is composed of 8 to 14 districts. The districts, in turn, comprise local units known as urban and rural municipalities. There are 6, wards in total.
The local governments enjoy executive and legislative as well as limited judicial powers in their local jurisdiction. The provinces have unicameral parliamentary Westminster system of governance.
The district coordination committee, a committee composed of all elected officials from the local governments in the district, has a very limited role.
The Constitution of Nepal is the supreme law of the land, and any other laws contradicting it are automatically invalid to the extent of the contradiction.
Nepali laws are considered generally more progressive compared to other developing countries, and in some instances, many developed ones. Death penalty has been abolished.
It recognises marital rape and supports abortion rights; however, owing to a rise in sex-selective abortion, constraints have been introduced.
Some legal provisions, guided by socio-economic, cultural and religious sensibilities, remain discriminatory. There is gender-based discrimination against foreign nationals married to Nepali citizens.
Many laws remain unenforced in practice. Nepal Police is the primary law enforcement agency. It is an independent organization under the command of the Inspector General , who is appointed by and reports to the Ministry of Home Affairs.
In addition to maintaining law and order, it is responsible for management of road traffic, which is undertaken by Nepal Traffic Police. Nepal Armed Police Force , a separate paramilitary police organization, works in cooperation with Nepal police in routine security matters; it is intended for crowd control, counter-insurgency and anti-terrorism actions, and other internal matters where use of force may be necessary.
The Crime Investigation Department of Nepal Police specializes in criminal investigation and forensic analysis. During the Hindu Lichchavi era c. Legendary Princess Bhrikuti 7th-century and artist Araniko — CE from that tradition of Kathmandu valley played a significant role in spreading Buddhism in Tibet and China.
Since the s, the permanent Tibetan Buddhist population of Kathmandu has risen significantly so that there are now over fifty Tibetan Buddhist monasteries in the area.
Also, with the modernization of Newar Buddhism, various Theravada Bihars have been established. Kirant Mundhum is one of the indigenous animistic practices of Nepal.
It is practiced by the Kirat people. Some animistic aspects of Kirant beliefs, such as ancestor worship worship of Ajima are also found in Newars of Kirant origin.
Ancient religious sites believed to be worshipped by ancient Kirats, such as Pashupatinath, Wanga Akash Bhairabh Yalambar and Ajima are now worshipped by people of all Dharmic religions in Kathmandu.
Kirats who have migrated from other parts of Nepal to Kathmandu practice Mundhum in the city. Sikhism is practiced primarily in Gurudwara at Kupundole.
An earlier temple of Sikhism is also present in Kathmandu which is now defunct. Jainism is practiced by a small community. A Jain temple is present in Gyaneshwar, where Jains practice their faith.
They have a national office in Shantinagar, Baneshwor. Islam is practiced in Kathmandu but Muslims are a minority, accounting for about 4. It is said that in Kathmandu alone there are Christian churches.
Christian missionary hospitals, welfare organizations, and schools are also operating. Nepali citizens who served as soldiers in Indian and British armies, who had converted to Christianity while in service, on return to Nepal continue to practice their religion.
They have contributed to the spread of Christianity and the building of churches in Nepal and in Kathmandu, in particular.
The largest according to number of students and colleges , the oldest and most distinguished university in Nepal the Tribhuvan University , located in Kirtipur.
It is the second oldest university in Nepal, established in November Every year thousands of students from all over Nepal arrive at Kathmandu to get admission in the various schools and colleges.
One of the key concerns of educationists and concerned citizens is the massive outflux of students from Nepal to outside Nepal for studies.
Every year thousands of students apply for No Objection Certificates for studying abroad. Consultancy firms specializing in preparing students to go abroad can be found in all prominent locations.
The reason for such an outflux range from perceived low quality of education, political instability, fewer opportunities in the job market, opportunities for earning while learning abroad and better job prospects with an international degree.
Healthcare in Kathmandu is the most developed in Nepal, and the city and surrounding valley is home to some of the best hospitals and clinics in the country.
Most of the general hospitals are in the city center, although several clinics are elsewhere in Kathmandu district. Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology is an Ophthalmological hospital in Kathmandu.
It pioneered the production of low cost intraocular lenses IOLs , which are used in cataract surgery. Sanduk Ruit in Tilganga pioneered sutureless small-incision cataract surgery SICS ,   a technique which has been used to treat 4 million of the world's 20 million people with cataract blindness.
Institute of Medicine , the central college of Tribhuvan University is the first medical college of Nepal and is in Maharajgunj, Kathmandu.
It was established in and started to impart medical education from The location and terrain of Kathmandu have played a significant role in the development of a stable economy which spans millennia.
The city is in an ancient lake basin, with fertile soil and flat terrain. This geography helped form a society based on agriculture.
This, combined with its location between India and China, helped establish Kathmandu as an important trading centre over the centuries.
Kathmandu's trade is an ancient profession that flourished along an offshoot of the Silk Road which linked India and Tibet. From centuries past, Lhasa Newar merchants of Kathmandu have conducted trade across the Himalaya and contributed to spreading art styles and Buddhism across Central Asia.
Kathmandu is the most important industrial and commercial centre in Nepal. The Nepal Stock Exchange , the head office of the national bank , the chamber of commerce , as well as head offices of national and international banks, telecommunication companies, the electricity authority, and various other national and international organizations are in Kathmandu.
The economic output of the metropolitan area of around Rs. Garments and woolen carpets are the most notable manufactured products.
Tourism is considered another important industry in Nepal. This industry started around , as the country's political makeup changed and ended the country's isolation from the rest of the world.
In , air transportation was established and the Tribhuvan Highway , between Kathmandu and Raxaul at India's border , was started.
Separate organizations were created in Kathmandu to promote this activity; some of these include the Tourism Development Board , the Department of Tourism and the Civil Aviation Department.
Furthermore, Nepal became a member of several international tourist associations. Establishing diplomatic relations with other nations further accentuated this activity.
The hotel industry, travel agencies, training of tourist guides, and targeted publicity campaigns are the chief reasons for the remarkable growth of this industry in Nepal, and in Kathmandu in particular.
It is the country's most important industry. Hindu and Buddhist pilgrims from all over the world visit Kathmandu's religious sites such as Pashupatinath , Swayambhunath , Boudhanath , Changunarayan and Budhanilkantha.
In economic terms, the foreign exchange registered 3. Following the end of the Maoist insurgency , there was a significant rise in the number of tourist arrivals, with , tourists recorded in Since then, tourism has improved as the country transitioned into a republic.
The high level of tourism is attributed to the natural grandeur of the Himalayas and the rich cultural heritage of the country.
The neighbourhood of Thamel is Kathmandu's primary "traveller's ghetto", packed with guest houses, restaurants, shops, and bookstores, catering to tourists.
Another neighbourhood of growing popularity is Jhamel, a name for Jhamsikhel that was coined to rhyme with Thamel. Ason is a bazaar and ceremonial square on the old trade route to Tibet, and provides a fine example of a traditional neighbourhood.
With the opening of the tourist industry after the change in the political scenario of Nepal in , the hotel industry drastically improved. This fairly large network has helped the economic development of the country, particularly in the fields of agriculture, horticulture, vegetable farming, industry and also tourism.
Kathmandu is connected by the Tribhuvan Highway to the south connecting India, Prithvi Highway to the west and Araniko Highway to the north connecting China.
Sajha Yatayat provides regular bus services throughout Kathmandu and the surrounding valley. Other bus companies including micro-bus companies operate several unscheduled routes.
Trolleybusses used to operate on the route between Tripureshwor and Suryabinayak on a kilometer route.
The main international airport serving Kathmandu valley is the Tribhuvan International Airport , about 6 kilometres 3. Ropeways are another important transportation means in hilly terrain.
It has since been discontinued due to poor carrying capacity and maintenance issues. At present, a cable car service is operated in Kathmandu in Chandragiri Hills.
Kathmandu is the television hub of Nepal. Radio Nepal is a state-run organization that operates national and regional radio stations.
Few community radio stations such as Radio Pratibodh — Football and cricket are the most popular sports among the younger generation in Nepal and there are several stadiums in the city.
The only international football stadium in the city is the Dasharath Rangasala , a multi-purpose stadium used mostly for football matches and cultural events, in the neighbourhood of Tripureshwor.
It is the largest stadium in Nepal with a capacity of 25, spectators, built in Martyr's Memorial League is also held in this ground every year.
The stadium was renovated with Chinese aid before the 8th South Asian Games were held in Kathmandu and floodlights were installed.
Kathmandu is also home of some of the oldest cricket clubs in Nepal, such as Yengal Sports Club. KMC's constant endeavour is to enhance its interaction with SAARC countries, other international agencies and many other major cities of the world to achieve better urban management and developmental programs for Kathmandu.
Kathmandu is twinned with: . In der Regierungszeit Mahendra Mallas wurde im Jahrhundert der Bereich um den Palast mit bedeutenden, reich verzierten Gebäuden ausgestattet.
Um entstand mit dem dreigeschossigen, auf einer Stufenpyramide stehenden Taleju-Tempel der erste Monumentalbau im Kathmandutal und Pashupatinath am Bagmatiufer.
Der letzte Malla-König hatte noch den Schatz von Pashupatinath geraubt, um die Verteidigung zu bezahlen, und vergeblich die Britische Ostindien-Kompanie zu Hilfe gerufen.
Kathmandu wurde zur Residenzstadt der Shah-Dynastie. Die Stadt wurde ab Mitte des Bis folgte eine Zeit der Intrigen, in der alle Premierminister unter den Shahkönigen entweder ermordet oder in den Selbstmord getrieben wurden.
Die Shahs werden entmachtet, fungieren aber weiter bis als Marionettenkönige. Kunwar ändert seinen Namen in Rana König und begründet damit die Rana-Dynastie, die in den folgenden Jahren die Premierminister mit der eigentlichen Macht stellt.
Unter den Ranas entstanden riesige Paläste im Stil des europäischen Neoklassizismus , z. Kathmandu wurde im Jahre von einem schweren Erdbeben getroffen, bei dem nur wenige Gebäude der Stadt unbeschädigt blieben.